December 9/13, 2019
Be able to define or describe the following terms in a sentence or two and/or highlight two or three key points (such as might be included in a multiple-choice or matching-type question).
|Source Criticism||Decalogue||Jehoiachin||Megillot||Maccabean Revolt|
|Form Criticism||Wilderness Generation||Fall of Jerusalem||Qohelet||Hasmoneans|
|Redaction Criticism||Shema||Exile||9th of Ab||Sirach|
|Torah||Centralization of Cult||Messiah||Genre||Palestinian Canon|
|Documentary Hypothesis||Deuteronomic Historian||Second Temple||Allegory||Alexandrian Canon|
|Covenant||United Monarchy||Sitz im Leben||Apocalyptic||Deuterocanon|
|Binding of Isaac||Fall of Samaria||le-Dawid||Apocalypse||Septuagint (LXX)|
|Sojourn||Court Prophet||Imprecatory Psalms||Hellenization||Masoretic Text (MT)|
|Passover||Proto-Isaiah||Chokhmah||Alexander the Great|
|Casuistic||Trito-Isaiah||Lady Wisdom||Ex Eventu Prophecy|
Points to Ponder
Be able to discuss the following issues in a brief essay.
- Be able to describe the Documentary Hypothesis in general terms. What are J, E, D, and P? What phenomena in the text of the Pentateuch have led scholars to embrace the Documentary Hypothesis, and what criticisms have been leveled against it?
- Trace the struggle of Abraham and Sarah to have an child. What obstacles did they face? How do the concepts of “covenant” and “promise” figure into this struggle?
- Be able to trace the highlights of the life of Jacob. How does this character and his actions advance—or threaten—the promises God made to his ancestors?
- Describe the place of Deuteronomy within the Pentateuch. How does it compare or contrast with other documents of Israelite law? How should it be understood in the historical and theological contexts of Israel’s developing faith?
- Describe the political, economic, and religious contours of the United Monarchy period. What was good? What was bad?
- What is a “prophet”? What are the functions and characteristic elements of Israelite prophecy? How were Israelite prophets both like and unlike prophets in other Ancient Near Eastern cultures?
- Discuss the book of Isaiah in its final form as a message for the post-exilic community. What does Isaiah say that would be a comfort (or a challenge) to Jews returning to their homeland?
- Discuss the Babylonian exile as a catalyst for the religious thought of Judaism. What theological questions did the exile raise, and how did those who lived through it seek to answer them?
- Describe Jeremiah’s prophetic career. Name two or three key passages in the book of Jeremiah that shed light on his message in the years leading up to and following the Fall of Jerusalem.
- Who were Zerubbabel, Ezra, and Nehemiah? Describe their roles in leading the Jews during the Restoration period? What were some of the major crises or controversies of their times?
- Discuss the diversity of the Psalms in terms of historical context, authorship, and subject matter. Be able to say something about the arrangement of the Psalms and what this might say about their continued importance in Israelite/Jewish religion.
- What is Hebrew “wisdom literature” and how does it differ from other genres of the Old Testament? Describe the overall message of the book of Job. Describe the nature of the wisdom material found in the book of Proverbs.
- Describe the book of Esther in terms of its religious importance. Be able to say something about the genre of the book.
- What are the characteristics of apocalyptic literature and the apocalyptic mindset? How does the book of Daniel reflect these characteristics?
- Describe the reception of the Apocryphal (Deuterocanonical) books of the Old Testament within Christianity.
- Describe the events surrounding the Maccabean Revolt. What was the political situation of the Jews at the time, and how did Judah Maccabee change things?
Format of the Exam
Part I. Forty multiple-choice questions worth 5 points each, based on the key terms listed above and assigned Scripture readings (200 points).
Part II. One essay question (100 points). You will have a choice between three of the following questions:
- Trace the history of the exodus and wilderness wanderings as narrated in Exodus–Numbers. What are the key events in this story? Who are the important characters? Most important, what seems to be the message (or messages) of this narrative for later generations of Israelites?
- Discuss feminist perspectives on the interpretation of the Bible. Specifically, what strategies have feminists used in addressing biblical stories that have been used to subjugate women? Use biblical examples of your choosing to illustrate how these strategies might be employed.
- Trace the career of King David from his first appearance in 1 Samuel until the end of his reign. What were the high and low points of David’s life? How is David remembered in both Judaism and Christianity?
- Discuss the diversity of the Old Testament. Cite examples from the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings to highlight some of the major themes of this ancient collection of texts. Where do you perceive differences of opinion or outlook with respect to these themes? Where do you find unity, if not uniformity?
- Choose one of the Wisdom books discussed in class (Proverbs, Job, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, or Sirach) and provide a brief introduction. Address such issues as: When was this book written? What is its overall message, both for the original audience and today?
- Discuss the value of the Apocryphal (Deuterocanonical) books of the Old Testament for understanding Jewish and Christian thought. How do these books shed light on the Second Temple period? Should these books be included in the Bible? Why or why not?
Please bring your own paper on which to write your essay.