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Ἄνθρωπος: Both “Man” and “Person”

Context determines which, as Joel Hoffmann explains:

Suzanne McCarthy brings up the issue, again, of whether the Greek word anthropos is exclusively masculine (“man”) or gender neutral (“person”).

The short answer is that it is both.

We’ve been through this before, but the Greek framework of gender really is difficult for speakers of languages like English to grasp in the abstract, so here are some English examples that will help make things clearer.


New Online Version of Liddell-Scott-Jones

LSJ is the lexicon for classical Greek. It is now available online from the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (which is an excellent resource in its own right)

(H/T: Remnant of Giants)